oil shale processing

  • br> Viru Keemia Grupp opened a new oil shale …

    Oil Shale News 85 New oil shale processing plant Petroter. The new VKG plant is the biggest Estonian capital based private invest-ment into Estonian industry. Total cost of the project reached 1.1 billion Estonian kroons. The

  • br> oil shale | National Geographic Society

    2013/03/04· Extracting and processing shale oil is an expensive and difficult process. Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are less expensive to extract. Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, and South Africa began mining oil shale in the

  • br> Oil shale - Surface processing | Britannica

    2020/05/16· Surface processing Four basic steps are involved in the aboveground processing of oil shale: mining the ore (either through underground or surface mining), crushing the ore to a size that can be handled by the retort, retorting (heating) the crushed shale to pyrolysis temperatures, and upgrading the oil obtained by pyrolysis of the organic content of the shale.

  • br> Oil Shale Processing - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    2011/03/15· Shale oil processing is defined as an industrial process to which raw shale oil is subjected to extract oil from it—basically a process to produce unconventional oil [1]. Because shale oil exists as solid sedimentary rocks, its extraction is more complex than extraction of conventional oil [1] .

  • br> Oil Shale Retorting - Al-Qamer

    2016/02/01· The ATP-Technology Overview The Alberta Taciuk Process (ATP) is a large rotating kiln used to extract oil from feed stock such as oil sand and oil shale. The ATP is a multi compartment unit. Each of these compartments or . ...

  • br> Processing shale oil in an FCC unit: catalyst and profit ...

    Processing shale oils For decades, the trend in refining was clear: crudes were becoming heavier and sourer as wells matured. However, since 2011 the advent of significant shale oil production has reversed this trend in the US.

  • br> Oil Shale Processing, Chemistry and Technology | …

    Oil shale is a complex mixture of organic and inorganic phases, in which the organic phase is normally that of the greater economic and practical value. In nature there exists a wide range of materials that include these same ...

  • br> Oil-Shale Processing - OnePetro

    Abstract A progress report on the oil-shale and shale-oil processing research programat the U.S. Bureau of Mines Oil-Shale Demonstration Plant. Legislationproviding for the program and aims are briefly noted. The remoteness and

  • br> SHALE OIL: Exploration and Development

    Oil Processing Design Specifications Oil composition 1. No significant sulfur content 2. Carbon solid from cracking is not produced 3. Heavy hydrocarbons are not produced 4. TBP curve of a sample light sweet crude oil is being used

  • br> Shale Gas Production Processes | ScienceDirect

    Shale gas resources are becoming an important energy source for meeting rising energy demand over the next few decades. Development of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing is crucial for economic production of shale gas ...

  • br> Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons …

    2009/03/01· Free Online Library: Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in oil shale processing wastes: current practice and new trends.(Report) by "Oil Shale"; Earth sciences Hydrocarbons Identification and classification

  • br> PROCESSING OIL SHALE

    PROCESSING OIL SHALE Unlike conventional petroleum, shale oil cannot be pumped directly from the ground. It must be processed by a technique known as retorting, wherein the rock is heated to release crude shale oil, shale

  • br> Oil shale processing as a source of aquatic pollution ...

    Oil shale processing as a source of aquatic pollution: monitoring of the biologic effects in caged and feral freshwater fish. A Tuvikene, S Huuskonen, K Koponen, O Ritola, U Mauer, and P Lindström-Seppä

  • br> The Chemistry of Shale Oil and Its Refining

    2003/04/04· Shale Oil Refining 3.1 Processing Considerations 3.2 Thermal Cracking 3.3 Hydrotreating 4. Shale Oil Processing in the World Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary The composition of shale oil depends on the ...

  • br> Oil Shale Extraction | HowStuffWorks

    2020/01/27· Oil shale must be mined using either underground- or surface-mining methods. After excavation, the oil shale must undergo retorting . This is when the mined rock is exposed to the process of pyrolysis -- applying extreme heat without the presence of oxygen to a substance, and producing a chemical change.

  • br> A study on the EU oil shale industry – viewed in the …

    A study on the EU oil shale industry – viewed in the light of the Estonian experience A report by EASAC to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European ii 'An early settler in the Valley of Parachute Creek in …

  • br> DEVELOPMENT OF CLEAN OIL SHALE PROCESSING ...

    1 DEVELOPMENT OF CLEAN OIL SHALE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY L. Douglas Smoot, Ralph L. Coates, Kent E. Hatfield CRE Energy, Inc. Provo, Utah ACERC ANNUAL CONFERENCE 2 INTRODUCTION PRESENTATION

  • br> Oil shale | geology | Britannica

    Oil shale, any sedimentary rock containing various amounts of solid organic material that yields petroleum products, along with a variety of solid by-products, when subjected to pyrolysis—a treatment that consists of heating the rock to above 300 C (about 575 F) in the absence of oxygen. ...

  • br> Oil Shale Video - YouTube

    2008/01/23· National Oil Shale Association Video - Duration: 10:00. Avalanche Studios 13,350 views 10:00 U.S. shale won't spoil the oil rally - Duration: 11:03. CNN Business 4,330 views …

  • br> Oil Shale Processing, Chemistry and Technology | …

    2012/11/28· Orga Processing, Chemistry and Technology solvent-soluble portion of oil shale organic matter. Direct retorting Retorting in which the process heat requirement is accomplished by combustion of a portion of the oil shale within the retort.

  • br> Preparation of metal-doped carbon aerogels from oil shale ...

    2014/01/01· Preparation of metal-doped carbon aerogels from oil shale processing by-products Article (PDF Available) in Oil Shale 31(2):185-194 · January 2014 with 224 Reads How we measure 'reads'

  • br> 85 Years of Oil Shale Processing in Estonia

    85 Years of Oil Shale Processing in Estonia The oil shale processing industry in Estonia extends back to the year 1921 when the first pilot unit for oil shale retorting (i.e. oxygen- free heating of oil shale in a retort) was built inof four ...

  • br> Oil Shale Processing, Chemistry and Technology | …

    2017/01/01· 10 For example, shale oil has been produced in Estonia for about a century, 11 and shale oil is produced on an industrial scale in other countries as well (e.g., Brazil and China). 9 In contrast ...

  • br> Shale oil - Energy Education

    Shale oil, also called tight oil, is a type of oil that can be extracted by heating and upgrading kerogen trapped within shale formations - arrangements of fine-grained sedimentary rock.This type of oil resource is classified as an unconventional resource as the process of obtaining oil from these formations requires specialized processes.

  • br> DETERMINATION OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC ...

    Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oil Shale Processing Wastes ... 63 The determination of PAHs in solid matrices such as soils, solid wastes, etc, generally includes several consecutive steps, i.e.

  • br> Overcoming Shale Oil Processing Challenges

    Overcoming Shale Oil Processing Challenges The choice certainly makes sense on first glance. Shale oil is light, low-viscosity, and low in …

  • br> Extraction of Oil Shale: Surface and In Situ Retorting

    2003/04/04· processing oil shale to produce shale oil. Oil shale retorting is a very simple process since it basically involves only the application of heat to break down the kerogen followed by removal and quenching of the volatile products. in ...

  • br> Oil shale - Wikipedia

    オイルシェール [1] (: oil shale )、(ゆぼけつがん) [2] 、(ゆしつけつがん)、(ゆけつがん)とは、 (ケロジェン) をくむである。 これらをしてもしくはガスとすることができる。